A total 169 Sanitation Facilities projects will be constructed, including:
- provisions of water supplies;
- sewage disposal facilities;
- development of solid waste treatment sites
- provision of technical assistance to Indian water and sewer utility organizations.
The projects within each Area are prioritized to serve existing homes, based on an established formula that considers, among other factors, health impact, cost effectiveness, and ability to expeditiously complete the projects.
SFC projects provide potable water, wastewater disposal and solid waste systems to AI/AN homes and communities. Each project is different in size, scope and purpose with a variety of tangible, overlapping infrastructure items such as water storage tanks, microfiltration water treatment plants, slow sand filtration water treatment plants, pressure filter water treatment plants, water wells, water transmission lines, water distribution systems, individual service lines, creek intakes, infiltration galleries, septic tank drain fields systems, wastewater lagoons, solar powered systems, gravity sewer systems, pressure sewer systems, sewage lift stations, solid waste transfer stations , open dump closures, wetland wastewater disposal systems, sewage treatment plants and pump houses.
The 12 IHS Areas, in consultation with Tribes, selected high priority sanitation facilities construction projects to be funded by the Recovery Act. Projects for water and sanitation services are ranked in priority using measures collected in the IHS Sanitation Deficiency System (SDS) which is an inventory of the sanitation deficiencies of AI/AN communities. Potential construction projects are prioritized considering measures of health impact, deficiency level, previous service, capital cost, operations and maintenance capability, Tribal contribution, Tribal priority and other considerations. The Recovery Act funding is intended to favor projects that can be started and completed expeditiously. The SDS scoring criteria were supplemented to comply with the Recovery Act by focusing on projects that could be delivered expeditiously and by lowering priority for projects where conditions and circumstances could impede completion on schedule.