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related to Recovery Act spending and allows for the reporting of potential fraud, waste, and abuse.

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Recovery Funding Boosts Research and Development Spending

​Recovery Act funds helped boost university spending on R&D in the U.S. across all fields by nearly seven percent between fiscal years 2009 and 2010, a National Science Foundation survey reported.

In that time, university R&D spending increased from $57.3 billion to $61.2 billion, the survey found. More than two-thirds of that increase – $2.7 billion – came from Recovery funds, which were distributed across a range of research fields.

Top 5 Overall Fields

  • Life Sciences – Includes agricultural, biological, and medical research
  • Engineering – Includes aeronautical, chemical, civil, electrical, mechanical, and metallurgical engineering
  • Physical Sciences - Includes astronomy, chemistry, and physics
  • Environmental Sciences - Includes oceanography along with atmospheric and earth sciences
  • Non-Science - Includes business, management, communications, education, humanities, law, social work, and visual/performing arts research.

Top 5 Federal Agencies

University R&D spending draws on multiple funding sources, but the federal government does the majority of underwriting. The top five agencies providing funding between FY2009 and FY2010:

  • Department of Health and Human Services - Includes the National Institutes of Health, the largest single funder of medical research in the country
  • National Science Foundation
  • Department of Defense
  • Department of Energy
  • NASA

The NSF Survey

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