Following the Recovery Act’s intent, SC applied two major criteria to select projects for this funding: to preserve and create jobs and promote economic recovery; and to provide investments needed to increase efficiency by spurring technological advances in science.
DOE plans to support the construction of key facilities as well as procure leading-edge instrumentation to provide the U.S. scientific community with the most advanced tools for conducting research on climate change, bioenergy, alternative energy, energy efficiency, and other energy and environmental challenges facing the nation. Additionally, the Recovery Act funding will save jobs in the high-tech instrument manufacturing area and provide jobs for construction personnel, procurement and project management professionals, graduate students, postdoctoral associates, and Ph.D. researchers in the physical, chemical, and biological sciences.
The following are examples of the many benefits that will be gained from SC’s Recovery Act-funded projects across SC’s six major program offices: Basic Energy Sciences (BES), Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR), Biological and Environmental Research (BER), High Energy Physics (HEP), Nuclear Physics (NP) and Fusion Energy Sciences (FES).
BES’ Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRCs)
• Foster and increase basic research to provide the basis for transformative technologies of the future.
• Create between 100 and 200 jobs for postdoctoral associates, graduate students, and technicians at universities and National Laboratories across the nation.
BES’ National Synchrotron Light Source II
• Advance next generation energy technologies, materials science, and biotechnology, from solar energy to advanced batteries to pharmaceutical development.
• Expand the scientific foundations for new and improved energy technologies to understand and mitigate the environmental impacts of energy use.
• Provide a one-time acceleration of the project, enabling the pre-purchase of materials and accelerated civil construction. This will significantly reduce risks in the project.
ASCR’s Advanced Networking Initiative
• Build a national-scale research prototype research network that will revolutionalize the way scientists conduct their day to day research.
• Enable telecom vendors to increase fiber optic broadband capacity by a factor of up to ten without replacing the existing fiber plant.
• Provide a supportive environment to develop and potentially commercialize 100 Gigabit per second networking technologies.
BER’s Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
• Provide scientists with the most advanced systems for molecular-level research to develop new biofuels; to predict and mitigate the transport of contaminants in the environment; and to develop novel materials that reduce emissions and enable next generation batteries and approaches for sequestering carbon.
HEP’s NOvA Major Item of Equipment
• The NOvA detector will study the oscillations of muon neutrinos over long distances to search for the oscillation into electron neutrinos, determine the hierarchy of neutrino masses and measure CP violation in the neutrinos sector if it is large enough.
• Accelerate the completion of the NOvA Major Item of Equipment by accelerating building construction and detector fabrication by 9–12 months.
• Improve America’s competitiveness by investing in needed scientific infrastructure.
NP’s R&D on Alternative Isotope Production Techniques
• Foster new and innovative isotope production methods for use in medical and scientific applications.
• Reduce the current shortage of isotopes, thereby supporting the health and welfare of the public.
FES’ Recovery Act-funded projects
• Improve laboratory infrastructure and increase use of major experimental facilities.
• Generate new plasma science knowledge.